After watching the video, please read additional information below describing symptoms, treatment, and prevention for the most common vaginal infections. 


Vaginitis is irritation or infection of the vagina or vulva. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or yeast. Chemicals (such as in perfumes or soaps) can sometimes be a cause. You can help prevent vaginitis. Follow the tips below. And see your healthcare provider if you have any symptoms.

Symptoms of Vaginitis

  • Irritation, swelling, or itching of the genital area
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Bad vaginal odor
  • Pain or burning during urination


  • Avoid chemicals. Do not use vaginal sprays. Do not use scented toilet paper or tampons that are scented. Sprays and scents have chemicals that can irritate your vagina.
  • Do not douche unless you are told to by your healthcare provider. Douching is rarely needed. And it upsets the normal balance in the vagina.
  • Wash yourself well. Wash the outer vaginal area (vulva) every day with mild, unscented soap. Keep it as dry as possible.
  • Wipe correctly. Make sure to wipe from front to back after a bowel movement. This helps keep from spreading bacteria from your anus to your vagina.
  • Change your tampon often. During your period, make sure to change your tampon as often as directed on the package. This allows the normal flow of vaginal discharge.


  • Limit your number of sexual partners. The more partners you have, the greater your risk of infection. Using condoms helps reduce your risk.
  • Get enough sleep. Sleep helps keep your body’s immune system healthy. This helps you fight infection.
  • Lose weight, if needed. Excess weight can reduce air circulation around your vagina. This can increase your risk of infection.
  • Exercise regularly. Regular activity helps keep your body healthy.


  • Don’t sit in wet clothes. Yeast thrives when it’s warm and damp.
  • Don’t wear tight pants. And don’t wear tights, leggings, or hose without a cotton crotch. These types of clothing trap warmth and moisture.
  • Wear cotton underwear. Cotton lets air circulate around the vagina.
Vaginal Infection: Yeast (Candidiasis)Yeast infection occurs when yeast in the vagina increase and start attacking the vaginal tissues. Yeast is not bacteria, but a type of fungus. These infections are often caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. Other species of yeast can also cause infections. Factors that may make infection more likely include recent antibiotic use, douching, or increased frequency of intercourse. Yeast infections are more common in women who are diabetic, obese, pregnant, or have a suppressed immune system.Symptoms of Yeast Infection

  • Clumpy or thin, white discharge
  • Slight cheeselike odor, or no odor
  • Severe vaginal itching or burning
  • Burning with urination
  • Swelling, redness of vulva

Yeast infection is treated with a vaginal antifungal cream. In some cases, antifungal pills are prescribed instead. During treatment:

  • Finish all of your medication, even if your symptoms go away.
  • Apply the cream before going to bed. Lie flat after applying so that it doesn’t drip out.
  • Do not douche or use tampons.
  • Don’t rely on a diaphragm or condoms, since the cream may weaken them.
  • Avoid intercourse if advised by your healthcare provider.
  • Call your healthcare provider if symptoms persist or come back after your medication is finished.


Vaginal Infection: Bacterial Vaginosis

Both good and bad bacteria are present in a healthy vagina. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) occurs when these bacteria get out of balance. The numbers of good bacteria decrease. This allows the numbers of bad bacteria to increase and cause BV. In most cases, BV is not a serious problem. This sheet tells you more about BV and how it can be treated.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

The cause of BV is not clear. Douching may lead to it. Having sex with a new partner or more than one partner makes it more likely.


Symptoms of BV vary for each woman. Some women have few symptoms or none at all. If symptoms are present, they can include:

  • Thin, milky white or gray discharge
  • Unpleasant “fishy” odor
  • Irritation, itching, and burning at opening of vagina
  • Burning or irritation with sex or urination


Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and health history. He or she will also perform a pelvic exam. This is an exam of your vagina and cervix. A sample of vaginal fluid or discharge may be taken. This sample is checked for signs of BV.


BV is often treated with antibiotics. They may be given in oral pill form or as a vaginal cream. To use these medications:

  • Be sure to take all of your medication, even if your symptoms go away.
  • If you’re taking antibiotic pills, do not drink alcohol until you’re finished with all of your medication.
  • If you’re using vaginal cream, apply it as directed. Be aware that the cream may make condoms and diaphragms less effective.
  • Call your healthcare provider if symptoms do not go away within 4 days of starting treatment. Also call if you have a reaction to the medication.


Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD). Most people do not have symptoms. Because of this, chlamydia may not be noticed until it causes severe problems. Left untreated, this infection can cause women and men to become sterile. This means they will not be able to have children.

Symptoms Many people with chlamydia have no symptoms. Women are more likely than men not to have symptoms.

If symptoms show up in women, they include:

  • Yellow discharge (fluid) from the vagina or anus
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Pain or burning during urination

If symptoms show up in men, they include:

  • Clear discharge (drip) from the penis or anus
  • Pain or burning during urination


If the infection is not treated, it can lead to more serious health problems. In women, this can be pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can make a woman sterile. It can also cause an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy. This type of pregnancy cannot be carried to term. Symptoms of PID include fever, pain during sex, and pain in the abdomen. Women should get checked for chlamydia regularly. This can help prevent PID.

When found early, chlamydia can be treated. It can be cured with antibiotic medications. If you have it, tell your partner right away. Because women often don’t have symptoms, men should ask their partners to get tested.

Know your partner’s history. Protect yourself by using a latex condom whenever you have sex. If you are pregnant, take extra care. Untreated chlamydia in a pregnant woman can cause eye, ear, or lung problems in the baby.


Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is transmitted sexually. Many women and some men who have gonorrhea do not have any signs or symptoms. If not treated, gonorrhea can cause swollen and painful joints and permanent damage to your reproductive organs. It can also make a man or woman unable to have children. If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea, she can infect her baby during childbirth. Gonorrhea is also called “the clap” or “the drip.”


In men

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Watery, milky, or yellow discharge (drip) from the penis or anus

In women

  • Yellow or white discharge (fluid) from the vagina or anus
  • Bleeding between periods


Gonorrhea can be cured quickly with antibiotics. If you are being treated, your partner should also be checked by a healthcare provider. Don’t have sex while you are being treated.


As with all STDs, knowing your partner’s sexual history is a big step toward preventing gonorrhea. Know the signs and symptoms of the infection. And use latex condoms to reduce your risk.

There are also alternative treatments used to treat BV, Candidiasis, and Vaginitis, outside of traditional medicine and are considered highly effective by those who use these alternative treatments and healthcare professionals. Please stay tuned for the upcoming video describing what those alternatives are. 

-Noni Ayana


6 thoughts

    • Yes, multiple partners is a common cause of BV. Many of the health professionals I spoke to, including nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants, advised BV can also be caused by having “dirty sex”. Meaning, having unprotected sex with unclean, or infected partners.

  1. A lot of women don’t know that if they’re imbalanced it will effect the treasure box. Fantastic video, goddess-sister! Oh yea, I saw that blurb, “Stop wearing those tight ass clothes!” LOL

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